Gender discrimination and sexual harassment are prohibited by Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 as amended and Title IX of the Educational Amendments of 1972. The law prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex, in any federally funded education program or activity. It is unlawful for an institution that receives federal funds to discriminate on the basis of sex against students, faculty and staff.
Gender discrimination is unequal or disadvantageous treatment of a group or an individual based on gender. Sexual harassment is a form of gender discrimination.
Sexual harassment is defined as unwelcome sexual advances, sexual assaults, or requests for sexual favors, and other verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature.
Verbal: sexual innuendo, suggestive comments, insults, threats, jokes or derogatory comments based on gender, sexual propositions or advances, pressure for sexual favors.
Nonverbal: posting of sexually suggestive or derogatory pictures, cartoons or drawings, making suggestive or insulting noises, leering, whistling, or making obscene gestures.
Physical: touching, pinching, squeezing, patting, brushing against body; impeding or blocking normal work or movement; coercing sexual intercourse; stalking or assault.
Sexual violence refers to physical sexual acts perpetrated against a person’s will or where a person is incapable of giving consent (due to age, use of drugs or alcohol, or because of an intellectual or other disability). Sexual violence includes rape, sexual assault, sexual battery, sexual abuse, and sexual coercion.
Sexual intimidation, includes, but is not limited to threatening to sexually assault another person, stalking, cyber-stalking and engaging in indecent exposure.
Relationship violence includes threats or a pattern of abusive behavior of a physical or sexual nature by one partner intended to control, intimidate, manipulate, humiliate, frighten, coerce or injure the other.
The Office of Civil Rights provides further insight about sexual assault in a
Dear Colleague letter dated 4/4/2011
For further information, review the Loading...